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IELTS Reading 8 - Passage 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-15, which are based on Reading Passage 1 on the following pages.

Questions 1-8

Reading Passage 1 has eight paragraphs labelled A-I.

Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs B-I from the list of headings below.

Write the appropriate numbers (i-xiii) in boxes 1-8 on your answer sheet.

One of the headings has been done for you as an example.

Note: There are more headings than paragraphs, so you will not use all of them.

List of Headings
i Environmental change has always been with us
ii The scarcity of water
iii Rivers and seas cause damage
iv Should we be despondent? Or realistic?
v Disasters caused by the climate make us feel better
vi Water, the provider of food
vii What is water?
viii How to solve flooding
ix Far-flung flooding
x Humans' relationship with water
xi The destructive force of water in former times
xii Flooding in the future
xiii A pessimistic view of the future
1 Paragraph B
2 Paragraph C
3 Paragraph D
4 Paragraph E
5 Paragraph F
6 Paragraph G
7 Paragraph H
8 Paragraph I
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Example Paragraph A Answer vii

Questions 9-15

Choose the appropriate letters A-D and write them in boxes 9-15 on your answer sheet.

9 The writer believes that water
A is gradually becoming of greater importance.
B will have little impact on our lives in future.
C is something we will need more than anything else.
D will have even greater importance in our lives in the future.
10 Humankind's relationship with water has been
A two-sided.
  B one-sided.
C purely one of great benefit.
  D fairly frightening.
11 The writer suggests that
A we are in awe of the news we read and see on TV every day.
  B change to the environment leaves us speechless.
C we should not be in awe of the news we read and see on TV every day.
D our surprise at the environmental change brought about by nature is something new.
12 According to the text, planting trees
A has to be co-ordinated internationally.
  B is more expensive than building sea and river defences.
C is a less expensive answer to flooding than building river defences.
  D is not an answer to the problem of flooding in all regions.
13 By 2025, it is projected that
A at least half the world population will have fresh water.
  B the majority of the world population will have fresh water.
C one-third of the world population will have fresh water.
  D fresh water will only be available to half of the world population.
14 According to the text, in the future low-lying islands
A will still be habitable.
  B will not be under water.
C are likely to be under water.
  D will probably not be under water.
15 According to the writer,
A people do not need to get used to environmental damage.
B people will need to get used to climate changes that cause environmental damage.
C people are now more used to environmental damage than they have been in the past.
  D the general despondency about environmental changes is ill-founded.