IELTS Reading 5 - Passage 1

Questions 1-3

The Reading Passage has three paragraphs A-C.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write your answers in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i The expansion of international tourism in recent years
ii How local communities can balance their own needs with the demands of wilderness tourism
iii Fragile regions and the reasons for the expansion of tourism there
iv Traditional methods of food-supply in fragile regions
v Some of the disruptive effects of wilderness tourism
vi The economic benefits of mass tourism

1Section A 

2Section B 

3Section C 

Reading Tip

To help you determine if something is NOT GIVEN, look for synonyms and paraphrases. If none appear, the answer will probably be NOT GIVEN. But even if you do find paraphrases, be careful: it may be that the topic is mentioned but not in relation to the statement.

Questions 4-9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?

In boxes 4-9 on your answer sheet, write

YESif the statement agrees with the writer's claims
NOif the statement contradicts the writer's claims
NOT GIVENif there is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

4The low financial cost of setting up wilderness tourism makes it attractive to many countries. 

5Deserts, mountains and Arctic regions are examples of environments that are both ecologically and culturally fragile. 

6Wilderness tourism operates throughout the year in fragile areas. 

7The spread of tourism in certain hill-regions has resulted in a fall in the amount of food produced locally. 

8Traditional food-gathering in desert societies was distributed evenly over the year. 

9Government handouts do more damage than tourism does to traditional patterns of food-gathering. 

Questions 10-13

Complete the table below.

Choose ONE WORD from Reading Passage 1 for each answer.

The positive ways in which some local communities have responded to tourism
People/Location Activity
Swiss Pays d'Enhaut Revived production of
Arctic communities Operate businesses
Acoma and San Ildefonso Produce and sell
Navajo and Hopi Activity Produce and sell