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IELTS Reading 4 - Passage 2

Questions 14-17

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 on the following pages.

Reading Passage 2 has six paragraphs, A-F.

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B and D-F from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number i-viii in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i  Effects of irrigation on sedimentation
ii  The danger of flooding the Cairo area
iii  Causing pollution in the Mediterranean
iv  Interrupting a natural process
v  The threat to food production
vi  Less valuable sediment than before
vii  Egypt's disappearing coastline
viii  Looking at the long-term impact

Example) Paragraph A  vii

14) Paragraph B  

Example) Paragraph C  vi

15) Paragraph D  

16) Paragraph E  

17) Paragraph F  

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In the exam, you may be asked to demonstrate that you understand the points of view expressed in a text. You will be given a list of statements which each represents an opinion. You have to read the text to find out if the writer expresses these opinions or not. If the writer shares the opinion in the statement, your answer will be YES. If the writer contradicts the statement, your answer will be NO. If it is impossible to know from the text what the writer's opinion is about that subject, your answer will be NOT GIVEN. The information in the text will be in the same order as the list of statements.

Questions 18-23

Do the following statements reflect the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 2?

In boxes 18-23 on your answer sheet, write

YES if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

18) Coastal erosion occurred along Egypt's Mediterranean coast before the building of the Aswan dams.  

19) Some people predicted that the Aswan dams would cause land loss before they were built.  

20) The Aswan dams were built to increase the fertility of the Nile delta.  

21) Stanley found that the levels of sediment in the river water in Cairo were relatively high.  

22) Sediment in the irrigation canals on the Nile delta causes flooding.  

23) Water is pumped from the irrigation canals into the lagoons.  

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Questions 24-26

Complete the summary of paragraphs E and F with the list of words A-H below.

Write the correct letter
A-H in boxes 24-26 on your answer sheet.

A artificial floods B desalination C delta waterways D natural floods
E nutrients F pollutants G population control H sediment

In addition to the problem of coastal erosion, there has been a marked increase in the level of (24) .................... contained in the silt deposited in the Nile delta. To deal with this, Stanley suggests the use of (25) .................... in the short term, and increasing the amount of water available through (26) .................... in the longer term.

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