IELTS Listening Test 1 - Section 2
Lecturer: Thank you. Yes … as you’ve just heard, I represent a charity called Action for Wildlife, which works to protect plants and animals. And I’m here today to talk about a project to save a type of mouse known as a dormouse. We can still find the dormouse in this area, but in the last few decades the number of dormice has seriously declined, not just in this country but across the world. There are several reasons for this – loss of habitat, climate change, competition for food – and this area of the UK is now regarded as one of the last strongholds. So naturally, we want to help the creature to survive here as much as we can.
The aim of the first stage of our project is simply to identify specific locations where dormice are still to be found, and estimate the number we have here. So I’ll just tell you a little bit about the creature, in case you don’t already know. The dormouse is a very attractive, very small mammal – it only weighs about the same as a couple of pound coins. It’s bright golden in colour, and it has a thick furry tail and big black eyes. Now, you’ve probably all seen a picture of a dormouse, but you’re very unlikely to have seen a real one because they’re strictly nocturnal. Also, they hibernate from October to April, so it’s not around at all for about half the year.
So where is the dormouse to be found? Well, dormice need to be near a variety of trees and plants, so they can be sure of a continuous supply of food throughout the spring and summer. They feed on flowers, pollen, fruit, insects, ripe nuts – things that are available in turn as the summer progresses. Here in the UK the dormouse is most likely to live in places like hedgerows, or woods, or at the edges of farmland.
So how do we find out exactly where dormice are? Well, as they’re hard to spot, as I said, we have to use indirect methods. Instead of trying to see dormice themselves, we look for evidence of dormouse activity. Dormice eat hazelnuts, so we’ll be looking for the shells that dormice have opened to get at the nut inside.
A lot of wildlife species eat hazelnuts – it’s not just dormice. But it’s usually possible to tell which particular animal has opened a nut by looking at the marks on the shells. So now, for those of you who would like to help us carry out this survey, let me tell you exactly what to do. You’ll need to get an identification sheet like this from us, then you should spend time looking for hazelnut shells in the bottom of hedgerows, or on the ground in woodlands.
If you find one, use the identification sheet to try and establish what kind of creature has opened it. You’ll see from the pictures on the sheet that different creatures do it in different ways. For example, you’ll see that insects make a small hole in the shell, less than 2 millimetres across. Then there’s another type of mouse called a woodmouse. Woodmice make a hole in the shell too, but they leave parallel tooth marks on the inner rim of the shell, as well as rough scratches on the surface. Thirdly there are little mammals called voles. These creatures don’t leave any marks on the surface, but they leave tooth marks on the inner rim of the hole. And these marks are neat and parallel. So they’re fairly easy to identify. Then there are squirrels and birds. They both open the nuts, leaving half shells that have got jagged edges. And finally we have our dormice. They make a hole in the shell that has a smooth inner edge. And the tooth marks it leaves are on the surface, at an angle to the hole. And these are the ones we’re looking for of course.
Firstly, if you do find any nuts which you think have been opened by dormice you need to record their location as precisely as possible. You can use the grid references on a map, or you can sketch your own map, but if you do, be sure to include landmarks or road names. It’s very important that we know exactly where the shells came from. Then put the nut shells in a small container. Any kind will do – a film box or a match box – anything that prevents them from being crushed in the post. And then finally, give them a label – just your name and contact details – and send them to Action for Wildlife. When we receive them an expert will look at the shells to confirm your identification. The address to send them to is …
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Complete the sentences below, using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
11. Dormouse numbers have fallen .................... as well as in the UK.
12. Dormice are about as heavy as two .....................
13. You are most likely to have seen a dormouse in a .....................
14. In the UK, dormice probably live in hedges and woods, and next to .....................
Label the identification sheet below. Write the correct letter A–E next to questions 5–8.
15. opened by woodmice ....................
16. opened by voles ....................
17. opened by dormice ....................
Complete the summary below, using NO MORE THAN ONE WORD in each space.
If you find nuts opened by dormice 18 .................... where you found them. Put them into some kind of 19 .................... and 20 .................... them (name and address). Post them to Action for Wildlife.