IELTS Writing Sample #150
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Scientists and the news media
are presenting ever more evidence of climate change. Governments cannot be expected
to solve this problem. It is the responsibility of individuals to change their lifestyle
to prevent further damage.
What are your views?
You should write at least 250 words.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Always allow time to edit your work, especially in the Writing exam. Noticing and correcting details like punctuation and word order (as well as spelling and grammatical structure) can improve your score dramatically.
Recently scientists worried about climate change have urged governments to introduce
measures to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are seen as its main cause.
Simultaneously, politicians and environmentalists have urged individuals to make
changes to their lifestyle. I shall argue that governments and individuals should
take join responsibility for this problem.
Firstly, industry accounts for a large proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions, and this can only be controlled by government action. Measures could be taken to discourage pollution, such as limiting or taxing the use of fossil fuels. Alternatively, subsidies could be offered to industries to clean up their production processes. If these ideas were adopted, I believe that businesses would regard pollution as a financial issue.
Secondly, only discussion between governments can ensure that solutions are successful. The Kyoto agreement, for example, tried to reach global agreement on how to address the problem. Without such co-operating, it seems to me that efforts to reduce fuel consumption are unlikely to be effective.
However, national and international policies will only succeed if individuals also change their lifestyle. For example, people could think more carefully about how they use energy in their homes. By using less electricity, installing energy-efficient light bulbs and electrical appliances, or investing in solar panels, individuals can make a real difference.
In addition, I think individual attitudes to transport need to change. Instead of making short tips by car, people could choose to walk, cycle, or take a bus. Since cars are a major source of the problem, changing our behaviour in this area would have a major impact.
In conclusion, I would maintain that only a combination of international agreement, national policies, and changes in individual behaviour will succeed in preventing further damage to the environment.