IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #17

Reading Tip

Another task you might meet in the IELTS Reading module involves classifying names or objects or events, etc. Classifying means putting things into classes, or groups. Doing classification tasks is similar in some ways to doing T/F/NG tasks. Both involve matching words in the question with words in the text, so you need to scan the text to find the right place before you can consider what to do next. Sometimes the classes are different periods of time and you have to identify the period when certain events took place.

Questions 1-7

Match each statement with the correct person A-D.

Write the correct letter A, B, C or D in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.

A Thomas Savery
B Thomas Newcomen
C James Watt
D Charles A. Parsons

1His invention was the first to use moving parts.  

2His invention allowed steam power to be converted into electric power.  

3His invention was the single biggest step in development.  

4His invention was a simple solution to an industrial problem.  

5His invention was the first continuous power source.  

6His invention first used a method people still use now.  

7His invention allowed a much greater degree of control.  

Questions 8-12

Complete the flow chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

The Miner's Friend used condensed steam to (8) , which sucked water from mines.
Design improved: Newcomen (9) using a piston and cylinder instead of an open boiler.
1769: separating heating and cooling processes meant no (10) between power strokes.
Further development: became easier to (11) through the use of the flywheel.
Nineteenth century: steam power (12) for use in various means of transport.

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