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IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #4

Reading Tip

As a general strategy, do not start by reading the passage. You do not yet know what information you are looking for, and you will waste precious time if you try to read and understand every detail.

Firstly, read the heading of the test. This will give you a very general idea of what the passage is about.
Secondly, quickly read through the questions. This will help you focus when you read the text, as you will have some idea what to look for.
Thirdly, turn to the passage, and read it through quickly. The purpose is to get a general understanding of the passage – you do not need to understand everything.
Finally, turn again to the questions and begin to work through them, referring back to the passage when you need to, and reading important sections carefully and slowly.

Questions 1-5

Reading Passage 1 has eight paragraphs, A-H.

Which paragraphs contains the following information?

Write the correct letter A-H in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

1) the possibility of carrying out research on children before they start talking 

2) the difficulties in deducing theories from systematic experiment 

3) the differences between analysing children’s and adults’ language 

4) the ability to record children without them seeing the researcher 

5) the drawbacks of recording children in an environment they know 

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Questions 6-9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1.

In boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is true according to the passage
FALSE if the statement is false according to the passage
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

6) In the 19th century, researchers studied their own children’s language.  

7) Attempts to elicit very young children’s opinions about language are likely to fail.  

8) Radio microphones are used because they enable researchers to communicate with a number of children in different rooms.  

9) Many children enjoy the interaction with the researcher.  

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Questions 10-14

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 10-14 on your answer sheet.

Ways of investigating children’s language

One method of carrying out research is to record children’s spontaneous language use. This can be done in their homes, where, however, it may be difficult to ensure that the recording is of acceptable 10) ..................... Another venue which is often used is a 11) ...................., where the researcher can avoid distracting the child. A drawback of this method is that it does not allow children to demonstrate their comprehension.
An alternative approach is to use methodology from the field of 12 ..................... In this case, a number of children are asked to carry out a 13) ...................., and the results are subjected to a 14) .....................

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