IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #25

SKIMMING AND SCANNING

Skimming and scanning are important reading techniques which are very useful in IELTS. As time is limited in the exam, skimming and scanning help you to find the answers you need quickly.

  • You skim a text quickly to understand the general idea.
  • You scan a text quickly in order to find specific information.

Questions 1-3

Which THREE of the following statements are true of free settlers in the Australian prison colonies, according to the text?

Choose THREE letters A-H.

Questions 4-9

The Reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write your answers in boxes 4-9 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i Free settlers
ii Transportation of convicts
iii The end of transportation
iv Convict life
v The colonial population
vi The treatment of convicts
vii Opponents of transportation
viii The first settlements

ExampleParagraph A ii

4Paragraph B 

5Paragraph C 

6Paragraph D 

7Paragraph E 

8Paragraph F 

9Paragraph G 

Questions 10-13

Complete the notes below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

Australia's Convict Colonies

Events preceding first settlement

1615 - convicts first transported to controlled by Britain

1770 - Cook claims SE Australian coast for Britain, calling it

1775 - 1783 - Revolutionary War in America halts transportation there

1787 - Botany Bay chosen as site for new ; first convict fleet sets sail

1788 - fleet reaches Botany Bay but chosen instead

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