IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #23

Reading Tip

To help you decide if information is NOT GIVEN, read the statement first and then scan the text to find the topic you are looking for. You should not always expect to find the words or phrases used in the statement; instead look for synonyms. If you can find no information at all, then the answer is probably ‘not given’. If there is information, then you need to work out if it actually expresses the writer's opinion.

Questions 1-5

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?

In boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet write

TRUEif the statement agrees with the information
FALSEif the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVENif there is no information on this

1Learning a foreign language makes people consider the relationship between language and thought. 

2In the last century cognitive scientists believed that linguistic differences had a critical effect on communication. 

3Dan Slobin agrees with Chomsky on how we perceive the world. 

4Boroditsky has conducted gender experiments on a range of speakers. 

5The way we perceive colour is a well-established test of the effect of language on thought. 

Questions 6-10

Look at the following features (Questions 6-10) and the list of languages below.

Match each feature with the correct language, A–E.

Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet.

A Russian
B Japanese
C Korean
D Spanish
E Yucatec Maya

6the importance of the relative age of speakers  

7the use of adjectives to distinguish the names of objects or things  

8a need to use some numbers with the correct gender  

9a relationship between form and number  

10the need to know how friendly your relationship is with the person you are addressing  

Questions 11-14

Complete the summary below using ONE WORD ONLY from the box for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 11-14 on your answer sheet.

method
purpose
similarity
language
gender
wood
material
box
design
cardboard
Lucy’s Experiments

In the likeness task, Lucy gave his subjects three combs. Two of these were made of the same and two were alike in that they had the same . In another experiment, plastic and items were used.

The that English and Yucatec speakers used to group these objects helped him show that speakers of different languages think about things differently.

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