IELTS Writing Task 1 #136


In written reports we don't normally describe statistics using exact numbers as this can be very boring and distracting for the reader. Instead we use approximation to round numbers up or down.

Elicit different ways of describing the following numbers:

134,575: just over 135,000, approximately/roughly/around/about 135,000;
134,575 compared to 396,530: over triple, around 200% more, about three times as many, roughly 260,000 more, about a third as many, approximately one in three, far more, for less

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows population figures for India and China since the year 2000 and predicted population growth up until 2050.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Model answer

The graph shows how the populations of India and China have changed since 2000 and how they will change in the future.

In 2000, there were more people living in China than in India. The number of Chinese was 1.25 bill ion, while India's population was about 1 billion. Between 2000 and the present, there has been a 0.2 billion rise in the number of Indian citizens. Over the same period, China's population has increased by 0.1 billion to reach over 1.35 billion.

According to the graph, the population in India will increase more quickly than in China, and experts say that by 2030, both countries will have the same population of 1.45 billion. After this, China's population is likely to fall slightly to 1.4 billion in 2050, while India's population will probably increase and reach 1.6 billion.

Thus, over the 50-year period, India is going to experience steady growth in its population and it will overtake China. On the other hand, China's population will peak in 2030 and then begin to fall.

(173 words)