IELTS Writing Task 1 #165

Planning your writing

  • Analyse the data
    • Make notes on the Question Paper. You can use circles and arrows and underline whatever you like.
    • Remember you need to summarize the information and make comparisons where relevant.
    • Mark any points that you think it's necessary to include the main points. You don't need to include all the details.
    • Also notice, and mark, any comparisons which need making.
  • Organize your material
    • Decide a logical order for your points.
    • Decide what to include in your overview in the introductory paragraph. Make sure the overview is strong.
    • Make sure you know how many paragraphs you are writing and what points to include in each.
    • Think about how you will be able to link the paragraphs as you write.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the movement of people from rural to urban areas in three countries and predictions for future years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Line Graph

Model answer

The line graph shows the figures in millions for the migration of people from the countryside to cities in three different countries over the period 2000 to 2025, including future predictions. Overall, it is clear that the shift from rural communities towards urban metropolitan areas is upwards.

All three countries began the period with similar numbers of urban migrants. Russia started with the most migrants (around 15 million) and over the period sees significant increases, particularly between 2010 and 2015 (around 42 to 70 million) with this upward trend predicted to continue (reaching approximately 86 million by 2025). Similarly, Iran after a slow start between 2000 and 2005 sees a dramatic rise in urban migration, and after 2015 is predicted to see an even more dramatic increase, surpassing Russia’s figures in 2020 reaching around 95 million by 2025. However, Indonesia bucks the trend somewhat. Whilst consistently steady between 2000 and 2020, its growth is far less dramatic than the other two countries (10 to 30 million). Furthermore, post 2020, it is predicted to level off at around 30 million.

To sum up, while all three countries have seen growth up to 2015, only the figures for countries Russia and Iran are predicted to see continued growth up to 2025.

(209 words)