Bar Chart

It is common in the IELTS Writing paper to be asked to describe a bar graph. Bar graphs, also known as bar charts, are similar to line graphs in that they have two axes and are useful for showing how something has changed over a given period of time, especially when there are significant changes. Bar graphs consist of rectangular bars, which can be orientated horizontally or vertically, with the lengths proportional to the data values that they represent. They are typically used for comparing two or more values.

Sample Questions


The places visited by different people living in Canada
The places visited by different people living in Canada

The chart below shows the places visited by different people living in Canada.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Percentage of people using multiple social networking sites
Percentage of people using multiple social networking sites

The chart below gives information about the number of social networking sites people used in Canada in 2014 and 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Weight assessment of inhabitants of Charlestown 2015
Weight assessment of inhabitants of Charlestown 2015

The charts summarise the weight measurements of people living in Charlestown in 1955 and 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Someland's main exports
Someland's main exports

The chart below gives information about Someland's main exports in 2005, 2015, and future projections for 2025.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Sports played in New Zealand in 2002
Sports played in New Zealand in 2002

The chart below gives information about the most common sports played in New Zealand in 2002.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Science qualifications in two countries
Science qualifications in two countries

The chart below gives information about science qualifications held by people in two countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Students passing high school competency exams, by subject and gender
Students passing high school competency exams, by subject and gender, 2010-2011

The bar chart shows the percentage of students who passed their high school competency exams, by subject and gender, during the period 2010-2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Airport visitors in New York City, 1995-2000
Airport visitors in New York City, 1995-2000

The graph shows female unemployment rates in each country of the United Kingdom in 2013 and 2014.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Percentage who watch reality shows and game shows
Percentage who watch reality shows and game shows

The charts show the number and genres of TV programmes watched by men and women and four different age groups in Australia.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Shares of expenditures for selected categories
Shares of expenditures for selected categories, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Japan, 2009

The bar chart shows shares of expenditures for five major categories in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan in the year 2009.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

International graduates, Canadian universities, 2001 and 2006
International graduates, Canadian universities, 2001 and 2006

The chart shows the percentage change in the share of international students among university graduates in different Canadian provinces between 2001 and 2006.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Percentage of population aged 65 and over
Percentage of population aged 65 and over

The chart gives information about the UK's ageing population in 1985 and makes predictions for 2035.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Percentage of pupulation in urban areas
Percentage of pupulation in urban areas

The bar chart gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world and in different continents.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Urban populations in different world regions
Urban populations in different world regions

The graphs provide information on global population figures and figures for urban populations in different world regions.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The percentage of male and female teachers
The percentage of male and female teachers

The chart shows the percentage of male and female teachers in six different types of educational setting in the UK in 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Home and International Students
Home and International Students

The bar chart gives information about the number of students studying Computer Science at a UK university between 2010 and 2012.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Finland's telephone calls, by category, 1995-2004
Finland's telephone calls, by category, 1995-2004

The chart shows the total number of minutes (in millions) of telephone calls in Finland, divided into three categories, from 1995 - 2004.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

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