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IELTS Reading - Passage 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14, which are based on Reading Passage 1 on the following pages.

Questions 1-4

Reading Passage 1 has six paragraphs labelled A-F.

Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs B-E from the list of headings below.

Write the appropriate numbers (i-ix) in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i How the reaction principle works
ii The impact of the reaction principle
iii Writers’ theories of the reaction principle
iv Undeveloped for centuries
v The first rockets
vi The first use of steam
vii Rockets for military use
viii Developments of fire
ix What’s next?
Example Paragraph A Answer ii
1 Paragraph B
 
2 Paragraph C
 
3 Paragraph D
 
4 Paragraph E
 
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Example Paragraph F Answer ix

Questions 5 and 6

Choose the appropriate letters A-D and write them in boxes 5 and 6 on your answer sheet.

5 The greatest outcome of the discovery of the reaction principle was that
A rockets could be propelled into the air.
B space travel became a reality.
C a major problem had been solved.
D bigger rockets were able to be built.
   
6 According to the text, the greatest progress in rocket technology was made
A from the tenth to the thirteenth centuries.
  B from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.
C from the early nineteenth to the late nineteenth century.
D from the late nineteenth century to the present day.
 

Questions 7-10

From the information in the text, indicate who FIRST invented or used the items in the list below.

Write the appropriate letters A-E in boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.

Example rockets for displays Answer A
7 black powder .................... .
8 rocket-propelled arrows for fighting .................... .
9 rockets as war weapons .................... .
10 the rocket launcher .................... .
FIRST invented or used by
A the Chinese
  B the Indians
C the British
D the Arabs
  E the Americans
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Questions 11-14

Look at the drawings of different projectiles below, A-H, and the names of types of projectiles given in the Reading Passage 1, Questions 11-14.
Match each name with one drawing.

Write the appropriate letters A-H in boxes 11-14 on your answer sheet.

Example The Greek ‘pigeon of Archytas’ Answer C
11 The Chinese ‘basket of fire’ .................... .
12 The Arab ‘egg which moves and burns’ .................... .
13 The Indian rocket .................... .
14 The British barrage rocket .................... .

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