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IELTS Listening - Section 4

IELTS Tip

For Listening Section 4, you will hear a talk by a student or an expert on an academic subject.

Speakers and lecturers indicate the stage of their talk through the use of signposting words. These words direct our listening: they warn us that more information is coming and suggest what kind of information this may be. Being able to identify and follow the signpost words will help you make sense of what you hear and help you answer the questions.

A shift in topic often indicates that you should move on to the next question. Use signposting words (as well as headings) in the notes to help guide you through the topics and the questions.

Questions 31-40

Complete the notes below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.

Section 4:
You will hear a talk on the subject of the urban landscape.
First you have some time to look at Questions 31-40.

Now Listen carefully and answer Questions 31 to 40:

THE URBAN LANDSCAPE
Two areas of focus:
the effect of vegetation on the urban climate
 ways of planning our 31 ....................... better
Large-scale impact of trees:
 they can make cities more or less 32 .......................
in summer they can make cities cooler
 they can make inland cities more 33 .......................
Local impact of trees:
they can make local areas
   more 34 .......................
  cooler 
  more humid 
  less windy 
   less 35 .......................
 
Comparing trees and buildings
 
Temperature regulation:
 trees evaporate water through their 36 .......................
building surfaces may reach high temperatures
Wind force:
 tall buildings cause more wind at 37 ....................... level
 trees 38 ....................... the wind force
 
Noise:
trees have a small effect on traffic noise
39 ....................... frequency noise passes through trees
 
Important points to consider:
 trees require a lot of sunlight, water and 40 ....................... to grow
 
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