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IELTS Reading - Passage 2

Reading Tip: summary completion

Don’t always expect words or phrases in the box to be the same as in the text. They may be words with similar meaning or the same word in a different form, so read both the text and the summary carefully.

Questions 14-19

Complete the summary below using words from the box.

decentralisation fuel industry industry
hospitals loans deregulation service
trade transport entertainment recycling
labour tourism hygiene beautification


When Singapore became an independent, self-sufficient state it decided to build up its 14) ...................., and government organisations were created to support this policy. However, this initial plan met with limited success due to a shortage of 15) .................... and land. It was therefore decided to develop the 16) .................... sector of the economy instead.

Singapore is now a leading city, but planners are working to ensure that its economy continues to grow. In contrast to previous policies, there is emphasis on 17) ..................... In addition, land will be recovered to extend the financial district, and provide 18) .................... as well as housing. The government also plans to improve the quality of Singapore’s environment, but due to the shortage of natural landscapes it will concentrate instead on what it calls 19) .....................

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Questions 20-26

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2.

In boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is true according to the passage
FALSE if the statement is false according to the passage
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

20) After 1965, the Singaporean government switched the focus of the island’s economy. 

21) The creation of Singapore’s financial centre was delayed while a suitable site was found. 

22) Singapore’s four regional centres will eventually be the same size as its central business district. 

23) Planners have modelled new urban developments on other coastal cities. 

24) Plants and trees are amongst the current priorities for Singapore’s city planners. 

25) The government has enacted new laws to protect Singapore’s old buildings. 

26) Singapore will find it difficult to compete with leading cities in other parts of the world. 

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