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IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #14

IELTS Reading Tip

A lot of students find the concept of NOT GIVEN very difficult to grasp. Remember that some of the sentences in the questions are not addressed in the passage. When you think you have found a sentence that deals with the subject of a sentence in the questions, you need to read it very carefully - it may not express agreement OR disagreement.

Questions 1-5

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in the Reading Passage? Write:

YES if the statement agrees with the views of the writer.
NO if the statement contradicts what the writer thinks.
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to know what the writer's point of view is.

1) Scientific predictions about how much it will be possible to lengthen human life vary greatly. 

2) Research into extending life involves both new drugs and changes to genes. 

3) Scientific experiments have not succeeded in making any animals live longer. 

4) Most people in the future will decide not to have children. 

5) Life expectancy has improved partly because people eat better. 

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Questions 6-9

Look at the following names of people or organisations (Questions 6-9) and the list of opinions (A-F).
Match each name with the opinion which the person or organisation expressed.

NB There are more opinions than names, so you will not use them all.

A Increases in longevity may cause unwelcome changes in society.
B People will live longer but become tired of life.
C Past experience shows that people do not lose interest in life as a result of living longer.
D There is no scientific proof that any drug can prolong human life expectancy.
E One medicine we are developing may have a welcome benefit apart from its original purpose.
F Using drugs to treat the diseases of old age is only the beginning.

6) Eukarion

7) Rich Miller

8) David Gems

9) John Polkinghorne

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Question 10

Which TWO of the following are characteristics of free radicals?
Choose TWO letters A-E.

A They are a partial cause of certain diseases.
B They escape into the atmosphere when we breathe.
C They are present in two vitamins.
D They harm our body chemistry.
E They are produced by our bodies.

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Questions 11-14

Complete the following summary of the scientific progress towards extending life expectancy.
Choose your answers from the box below the summary.

NB There are more words than spaces, so you will not use them all.

Exam Tip

Here, you can find a number of techniques:

1) Putting the words in the boxes in categories e.g. names of animals, words referring to chemicals, other words etc. before you start.

2) Looking for synonyms of particular words and phrases e.g. by half (by 50 per cent), growing, growth, live more, live up to 80 per cent longer.

3) Reading through the summary when you have finished and deciding whether it makes sense both for meaning and grammar.

In one experiment using anti-ageing chemicals, the life of (11) ............. was extended by half. (12) ............. like the ones which control the ageing process in these animals have also been found in other species. Unfortunately, however, experiments on (13) ............. have been less successful: while they live longer, the (14) ............. controlling their growth are also affected with the result that they grow less.

A chemicals
B earthworms
C fruit flies
D genes
E hormones
F human beings
G mice
H organisms

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